In Black History Month, UMD published a research report on the history of slavery in College Park. This research report details the most comprehensive narration of this sad part of our history.

You can read the report here.

Here are some sections that you may already know or find informative.
• Charles B. Calvert was a descendant of enslavers and owned at least 55 enslaved people who worked on his Riverside plantation, land that makes part of the College Park / UMD campus.
• Old Parish House in Old Town was built as a barn by enslaved laborers, and it later served as a parish house; then, there was a women’s club, and now, a community center.
• The site of the XFINITY Center on the campus was once a large plantation established by John Eversfield around 1820.
• In the 1840s and 1850s, the land that became the campus was used as an Underground Railroad route. A turnpike used to connect Baltimore and Washington became less traveled with the creation of the B&O Railroad in 1830, allowing freedom-seekers to traverse the roads and forested land.
• According to the report, the oldest building on UMD’s campus, a tavern called the Rossborough Inn, employed enslaved staff who likely gave directions and provisions to freedom-seekers.

The Baltimore Sun has covered the report here.